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Challenge to the Nation-State’s Sovereignty: The Influence of International and European Law in Today’s Globalized World

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Title: Challenge to the Nation-State’s Sovereignty: The Influence of International and European Law in Today’s Globalized World
Author: Cristian Talesco
Affiliation: The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Issue: Peace & Stability – Volume 7 Issue 1
Publisher: Yonsei University Press
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ABSTRACT

This essay aims to investigate the relationship between nation-state sovereignty and law in today’s globalized world. It will do so by bringing about two specific examples: the influence of international and human rights law on national legal order in Libya and Syria and secondly, the European Union (EU) and its new legal order which prevails over the national law of the member states. The first part will be addressed by bringing about examples from Libya and Syria. In Libya, international law has prevailed in breaking the right of Khadafi to use force against civilians. On the other hand, in Syria, international law has failed to protect civilians because of the deadlock at the UN Security Council. Moreover, international law did not prevent Syria from enacting emergency laws which resulted in the arbitrary arrest or detention of people.

A Study on Contemporary Russian Gas Policy Towards European Countries

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Title: A Study on Contemporary Russian Gas Policy Towards European Countries
Author: Kyung Suk Lee
Affiliation: Yonsei University
Issue: Peace & Stability – Volume 7 Issue 1
Publisher: Yonsei University Press
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ABSTRACT

From the Cold war period to present, one of Russia’s most pivotal resources has been energy. Russia is built on the bedrock of its energy industries which act as a buttress for the Russian nation itself. Among its various energy resources, Russia possesses a significant amount of natural gas compared to other countries around the globe. As a result, Russia has amassed strong gas ties with European countries. This paper utilizes case study analysis and content analysis in order to shed light on the substance of Russia’s gas policy towards European countries. By scrutinizing the numerous Russia-EU gas pipelines, this paper deduces three definite aims of Russian gas pipeline politics in Europe. Russian gas pipeline politics have been implemented to: 1) minimize the role of the transit country; 2) directly target the gas markets of countries with high gas demand; and 3) wield political leverage against members of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). Based on the assumption of the bureaucratic inertia of Russian gas policy, Russia is expected to utilize the same gas pipeline politics towards East Asia.

An Analysis of How the EU Understands Its Strategic Partnership with China

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Title: An Analysis of How the EU Understands Its Strategic Partnership with China
Author: Nguyen Thi Thuy Hang
Affiliation: RMIT University
Issue: Peace & Stability – Volume 7 Issue 1
Publisher: Yonsei University Press
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ABSTRACT

From the European perspective, the rise of China challenges the European Union (EU) on intellectual, technological, organizational, economic and political fronts but also offers ample opportunities for cooperation. The EU has attached increasing importance to building a strategic partnership with China. However, what Brussels means when it talks about forging a “strategic partnership” with China and on what conceptual ideas and principles it wants this “strategic partnership” to develop have not been made clear. This paper aims to offer insight into the EU’s ideas of strategic partnership with China. It will begin with a review of the EU approach to China. Next, it will make an assessment of the thinking behind EU-China communications to show the differences between their respective conceptualizations of strategic partnership. Then, it will demonstrate the difficulties caused by these differences and recommend how the two sides should manage them.