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Challenge to the Nation-State’s Sovereignty: The Influence of International and European Law in Today’s Globalized World

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Title: Challenge to the Nation-State’s Sovereignty: The Influence of International and European Law in Today’s Globalized World
Author: Cristian Talesco
Affiliation: The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Issue: Peace & Stability – Volume 7 Issue 1
Publisher: Yonsei University Press
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ABSTRACT

This essay aims to investigate the relationship between nation-state sovereignty and law in today’s globalized world. It will do so by bringing about two specific examples: the influence of international and human rights law on national legal order in Libya and Syria and secondly, the European Union (EU) and its new legal order which prevails over the national law of the member states. The first part will be addressed by bringing about examples from Libya and Syria. In Libya, international law has prevailed in breaking the right of Khadafi to use force against civilians. On the other hand, in Syria, international law has failed to protect civilians because of the deadlock at the UN Security Council. Moreover, international law did not prevent Syria from enacting emergency laws which resulted in the arbitrary arrest or detention of people.

A Study on Contemporary Russian Gas Policy Towards European Countries

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Title: A Study on Contemporary Russian Gas Policy Towards European Countries
Author: Kyung Suk Lee
Affiliation: Yonsei University
Issue: Peace & Stability – Volume 7 Issue 1
Publisher: Yonsei University Press
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ABSTRACT

From the Cold war period to present, one of Russia’s most pivotal resources has been energy. Russia is built on the bedrock of its energy industries which act as a buttress for the Russian nation itself. Among its various energy resources, Russia possesses a significant amount of natural gas compared to other countries around the globe. As a result, Russia has amassed strong gas ties with European countries. This paper utilizes case study analysis and content analysis in order to shed light on the substance of Russia’s gas policy towards European countries. By scrutinizing the numerous Russia-EU gas pipelines, this paper deduces three definite aims of Russian gas pipeline politics in Europe. Russian gas pipeline politics have been implemented to: 1) minimize the role of the transit country; 2) directly target the gas markets of countries with high gas demand; and 3) wield political leverage against members of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). Based on the assumption of the bureaucratic inertia of Russian gas policy, Russia is expected to utilize the same gas pipeline politics towards East Asia.

An Analysis of How the EU Understands Its Strategic Partnership with China

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Title: An Analysis of How the EU Understands Its Strategic Partnership with China
Author: Nguyen Thi Thuy Hang
Affiliation: RMIT University
Issue: Peace & Stability – Volume 7 Issue 1
Publisher: Yonsei University Press
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ABSTRACT

From the European perspective, the rise of China challenges the European Union (EU) on intellectual, technological, organizational, economic and political fronts but also offers ample opportunities for cooperation. The EU has attached increasing importance to building a strategic partnership with China. However, what Brussels means when it talks about forging a “strategic partnership” with China and on what conceptual ideas and principles it wants this “strategic partnership” to develop have not been made clear. This paper aims to offer insight into the EU’s ideas of strategic partnership with China. It will begin with a review of the EU approach to China. Next, it will make an assessment of the thinking behind EU-China communications to show the differences between their respective conceptualizations of strategic partnership. Then, it will demonstrate the difficulties caused by these differences and recommend how the two sides should manage them.

 

Brushed Past: US-CCP Relations, 1941-45

Cover PageTitle: Brushed Past: US-CCP Relations, 1941-45
Author: Jie Gao & Sean J. McLaughlin
Affiliation: Carroll University & University of Wisconsin-Whitewater
Issue: Law & Order – Volume 6 Issue 1
Publisher: Yonsei University Press
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This article explores the controversial “lost chance theory” that CCP leader Mao Zedong genuinely wished to build a working relationship with the Roosevelt and Truman administrations, but was rebuffed by short-sighted decision makers in Washington who passed on the opportunity to cooperate with China’s future ruler. The authors note key historiographical developments and explain the major arguments both for and against the lost chance theory before advancing a post-revisionist position that its opponents have in recent years inadvertently created the false impression that there was never any real possibility that Washington and the CCP might have built a positive working relationship during the war years, while the window for CCP-US cooperation was far more ephemeral than lost chancers understood. This paper argues that Mao’s wartime expressions of his desire to work with the United States were indeed sincere through to the end of 1944, however by the spring of 1945 cooperation had become an impossibility because the Roosevelt administration badly misread Jiang Jieshi’s ability to unite the country and clung to unfounded suspicions that the CCP would serve as an obedient Soviet proxy in East Asia.

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