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Challenge to the Nation-State’s Sovereignty: The Influence of International and European Law in Today’s Globalized World

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Title: Challenge to the Nation-State’s Sovereignty: The Influence of International and European Law in Today’s Globalized World
Author: Cristian Talesco
Affiliation: The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Issue: Peace & Stability – Volume 7 Issue 1
Publisher: Yonsei University Press
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ABSTRACT

This essay aims to investigate the relationship between nation-state sovereignty and law in today’s globalized world. It will do so by bringing about two specific examples: the influence of international and human rights law on national legal order in Libya and Syria and secondly, the European Union (EU) and its new legal order which prevails over the national law of the member states. The first part will be addressed by bringing about examples from Libya and Syria. In Libya, international law has prevailed in breaking the right of Khadafi to use force against civilians. On the other hand, in Syria, international law has failed to protect civilians because of the deadlock at the UN Security Council. Moreover, international law did not prevent Syria from enacting emergency laws which resulted in the arbitrary arrest or detention of people.

National Security Imperatives In An Era of Environmentally-Induced Conflicts, Population Displacements, and Political Disequilibria

Cover PageTitle: National Security Imperatives In An Era of Environmentally-Induced Conflicts, Population Displacements, and Political Disequilibria
Author: Joanna K. Rozpedowski
Affiliation: University of South Florida
Issue: Law & Order – Volume 6 Issue 1
Publisher: Yonsei University Press
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The emergence and incremental intransigence of global environmental degradation and climate change discourses into social sciences have, in recent years, provided a fecund ground for debate and analyses of wide ranging geopolitical ramifications the predicted climatic variations would present for national security and human well-being. It is commonly held that climate-induced crises, in the next two to three decades, will exacerbate already fragile relations between Sub-Saharan African, the Middle Eastern, and South and Southeast Asian states, destabilize regions, topple governments and issue in mass migrations, widespread pandemics, and food scarcity. The following study aims to closely investigate the security implications resulting from global climate change and explore the geopolitical dimension of the relationship between environmental degradation and armed conflict. In attempting to better understand the impacts the destabilizing climatic patterns may have on human and national security, the appraisal of available policy and strategic responses by governments, the military, and non-governmental actors, will be given due consideration.

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The US Drone Policy Under the Obama Administration: A Critical Appraisal

Cover PageTitle: The US Drone Policy Under the Obama Administration: A Critical Appraisal
Author: Cameron Gable
Affiliation: University of San Francisco
Issue: Law & Order – Volume 6 Issue 1
Publisher: Yonsei University Press
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The use of drones has increased exponentially under the Obama administration and now forms an integral part of the US government’s counterterrorism policy. However, the President’s extensive use of drones has been controversial and generated extensive debate and discussion in the US and abroad. This paper examines the factors that have propelled the Obama administration to use this strategy and its implications for American and international law as well as American foreign policy.

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Security through Default and Swift Declassification: Cooperation between the Intelligence Community and the crowd increases accountability, transparency, and resourcefulness

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Title: Security through Default and Swift Declassification: Cooperation between the Intelligence Community and the crowd increases accountability, transparency, and resourcefulness
Author: Dylan Coyle
Affiliation: Yonsei University
Issue: Changes & Transitions – Volume 5 Issue 2
Publisher: Yonsei University Press
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The intelligence community’s best resource is the people they are protecting. The lessons learned between from events like the September 11 World Trade Center attack to the 2013 Boston Marathon bombing are that the crowd is wise and creative enough to use the technology and intelligence available to help prevent and recover from manmade and natural crises. Slowing the flow of intelligence to the crowd endangers the lives and freedom of the people which then creates motivation for whistleblowers and leakers to acquire and distribute intelligence themselves. By declassifying most intelligences as a default, and swiftly declassifying old intelligence, the Intelligence Community can maintain critical secrets and preserve privacy while enabling the crowd to analyze and contribute to the body of intelligence to advance international security.

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Why has the Diaoyu/Senkaku Dispute been Intensified and What are the Possible Resolutions?

Title: Why has the Diaoyu/Senkaku Dispute been Intensified and What are the Possible Resolutions?FALL2013 COVER OUT IMAGE
Author: Eunsil Park
Affiliation: Yonsei University
Issue: Changes & Transitions – Volume 5 Issue 2
Publisher: Yonsei University Press
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The Diaoyu/Senkaku dispute is a territorial conflict between China and Japan, and there have been ups and downs over several decades. As China’s assertiveness has been increased from the late 2000s, much attention has been paid to the relationship between China and Japan. The issue is related with each state’s strategic, economic and symbolic interests, which makes the nature of the dispute complex. In this paper, it is argued that the growing tension between China and Japan is largely influenced by the changing international structure due to the rise of China, and the issue is reinforced by domestic politics as the politicians could utilize the issue as a political tool to gain public support based upon strong nationalism in China and Japan. There are three options available to resolve the conflict: military confrontation, the US intervention, and the international legal institution. These options will be critiqued with a meaningful analysis, and the paper suggests that a long-term resolution should be adopted by emphasizing the importance of public education and cooperative measures to develop the area for both states’ benefits after recovering mutual trust.

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